Sunday, October 26, 2014
This Week 10-27-14
Wow! The time is flying by in this course. If it seems like we are hurrying through Chapter 7, we really are. There are some key court cases, people, and events to know here, and there are some places I want you to know on the map, but other than that, we are on the move! Those places to know? Jackson, Vicksburg, Greenville, Natchez, Meridian, Oxford, and Starkville. These are all places that have been in our reading, and they should be fairly easy to match to a location on a Mississippi map. I am also throwing in another guided reading this week, but I am posting it here in case you miss getting it in class for some reason (or lose it).No PowerPoint slides this week, but there will be a writing assignment about a rather interesting Mississippian. I won't say any more about him, except to say one of his initials is Q, and he has a county named for his last name! I am moving us toward being able to spend more time on the Freedom Summer, which has its 50th Anniversary this year. 1. The term ____________________ referred to Mississippi ___________________ who ___________ ___________ _______________ the sweeping changes brought about by the Civil War. 2. The greatest ____________ suffered by Mississippi and the nation during the Civil War was the __________________ _____________ who _____________ during those four years. 3. The 2nd greatest loss, especially to ________________, was the ________________ of the_____________. 4. For several years, Mississippi's cotton fields lay in _______________. 5. The _______________ also __________________ from the ____________________ of ____________________, factories, livestock, __________________, and buildings. 6. The most ____________________ cost-cutting _________________ initiated by the ___________________ was the _________________ _______________ system, an arrangement by which prisoners were _________________ as_________________ to private entities, which were responsible for their upkeep. 7. The convict lease system soon became a public __________________ because the _______________ were ________________, overworked, underfed, ill-clothed, and ill-housed by the __________________ to whom they _______________ _______________. 8. One of the most ________________________ industrial _____________________ in postwar Mississippi was the _____________________ ___________ 9. A major _________________ for stimulating railroad ____________________ in MS was the large-scale ________________operations that ____________ __________________as the primary means of transportation. 10. Another factor was the development of ____________________ farming. Farmers ________________ their __________________ by rail to large cities. 11. The __________________ of _________________ transportation was another factor. 12. There were, however, ____________________ caused by _______________ expansion. 13. Basically, the problems stemmed from the fact that ___________________ were not _____________________, and rail transportation was a cutthroat business. 14. The larger lines did everything possible to _______________ the smaller lines ________ of ____________________ and a few companies had a monopoly over rail service in certain parts of the state. 15. A _______________ is the exclusive ownership or control of a product or industry by one company or group. 16. MS ___________________ were caught in the middle of a ___________ ___________ between several of the larger lines. 17. Eventually, the _____________________ established the ____________________________________ and gave it the authority to ________________ freight ________________ in Mississippi. 18. After the Civil War, the state's _________________ resources were developed, and _________________ production provided ______________ and _________________ to thousands of Mississippians. 19. Most of the state's __________________ were ___________________ during the war. 20. In 1882, in an effort to promote ___________________ recovery and attract industry to Mississippi, ___________ industries were given a ten-year-________-_____________ status. 21. By 1890, there were 16 __________________ and _________________ _____________ in Mississippi, which provided 2,266 ________________. 22. The emancipation of Mississippi's black population and the disruption of Mississippi's ___________________ system required a new ________________ system to ___________________ __________________ operations. 23. They [farmers] ___________________ money as they need it through the ________________ season and ____________ it back when the__________________ their crop. 24. If a _________________ was unable to establish credit with a banker he would establish a _____________ ______ ______________ with a local merchant. 25. The local _______________ became a key figure in Mississippi's agricultural operations. 26. In Postwar Mississippi, there was a temporary ____________________ of _______________ caused by the fact that black men removed their wives and children from the labor force. 27. They [blacks] could bargain from a position of strength because their ______________ was in great ________________. 28. When a planter offered a black man a contract to work his land, the laborer could __________________ the terms of that contract. 29. In most cases, the planter offered cash wages, but the black man usually suggested that the land be worked for a _______________ of the _______________ (sharecropping). 30. Sharecroppers soon found that the ______________ ___________________ they received during the year amounted to _____________ than their _______________ of the crop. 31. The planters and sharecroppers accumulated large _______________ to local____________________. 32. Planters could settle their debts by _________________ over some of their ____________ to the merchant, but _______________________ had no means of _________________ their ______________. 33. The __________________________ system, which blacks had initially favored, placed them in a form of ____________________ to the planters and merchants. 34. Sharecroppers were __________________ by law, called a ______________ __________ _____________, to _______________ on the land until all their _______________ were ________________ in_______________. 35. Because the ___________________ of ____________________ continued to __________________, sharecroppers were rarely ever able to ________________ themselves from their _______________ bondage. 36. Within two or three years after Reconstruction, _________________ began to ______________ Mississippi in such large numbers that this population shift was called the _________________ ________________. 37. Many __________________ planters and _________________ leaders believed that the Black Exodus would create a critical _______________ _________________ in the state. 38. To offset a possible shortage, the Bourbons initiated a campaign to attract _________________ and ___________________ immigrants to Mississippi. 39. The ___________________ to attract a significant number of European and Chinese immigrants meant that ________________ would continue to _____________ the _______________ for Mississippi's large plantations.